Volume 10 - Summer 2012


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Preface      v

Brenda K. Wiederhold and Giuseppe Riva


Guided Internet Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. As Effective as Face-To-Face Therapies?       3

Gerhard Andersson

Inter-Reality in the Evaluation and Treatment of Psychological Stress Disorders: The INTERSTRESS Project      8

Pietro Cipresso, Andrea Gaggioli, Silvia Serino, Simona Raspelli, Cinzia Vigna, Federica Pallavicini and Giuseppe Riva

Modeling the Social Networking Experience Objectifying the Subjective   12

Pietro Cipresso, Silvia Serino, Andrea Gaggioli and Giuseppe Riva

The Use of Virtual Reality in the Treatment of Eating Disorders         17

Marta Ferrer-García and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado

Lessons Learned from the Development of Technological Support for PTSD Prevention: A Review        22

Vanessa Vakili, Willem-Paul Brinkman and Mark A. Neerincx

Virtual Worlds and Avatars as the New Frontier of Telehealth Care      27

J. Morie, E. Haynes, E. Chance and D. Purohit

Adapting Computerized Treatments into Traditional Psychotherapy for Depression        32

James Overholser

What Is Positive Technology and Its Impact on CyberPsychology          37

Giuseppe Riva

Human Computer Confluence Applied in Healthcare and Rehabilitation       42

Isabelle Viaud-Delmon, Andrea Gaggioli, Alois Ferscha and Stephen Dunne

A Brief Review of Positive Technology in Europe and the USA      46

Brenda Wiederhold

Evaluations Studies

Promotion of Emotional Wellbeing in Oncology Inpatients Using VR       53

Macarena Espinoza, Rosa M. Baños, Azucena García-Palacios, José M. Cervera, Gaspar Esquerdo, Enrique Barrajón and Cristina Botella

Mobilizing Bystanders of Cyberbullying: An Exploratory Study into Behavioural Determinants of Defending the Victim     58

Ann Desmet, Sara Bastiaensens, Katrien Van Cleemput, Karolien Poels, Heidi Vandebosch and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij

Influence of Parental Attitudes Towards Internet Use on the Employment of Online Safety Measures at Home      64

Georgios Floros, Konstantinos Siomos, Evaggelia Dafouli, Virginia Fisoun and Dimitrios Geroukalis

Outcomes from a Pilot Study Using Computer-Based Rehabilitative Tools in a Military Population      71

Katherine W. Sullivan, Julia E. Quinn, Michael Pramuka, Laura A. Sharkey and Louis M. French

Nicotine Craving: ERPs Correlates After VR Exposure to Smoking Cues     78

Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, André Baptista, Diogo Morais, Paulo Lopes, Tomaz Saraiva, Pedro Rosa, Nuno Santos, Fábio Soares, Catarina Sottomayor and Filipa Barata

Reliability and Validity of TIPS Wireless ECG Prototypes    83

Alejandro Rodríguez, Jaime Guixeres, Beatriz Rey and Mariano Alcañiz

Associations Between Facial Emotion Recognition, Cognition and Alexithymia in Patients with Schizophrenia: Comparison of Photographic and Virtual Reality Presentations        88

J. Gutiérrez-Maldonado, M. Rus-Calafell, S. Márquez-Rejón and J. Ribas-Sabaté

Postural Control of Elderly: Moving to Predictable and Unpredictable Targets      93

Vera Jongman, Claudine J.C. Lamoth, Helco van Keeken and Simone R. Caljouw

Assessment of Executive Functions in Patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder by NeuroVR       98

Filippo La Paglia, Caterina La Cascia, Rosalinda Rizzo, Giuseppe Riva and Daniele La Barbera

Exergaming for Elderly: Effects of Different Types of Game Feedback on Performance of a Balance Task       103

Claudine J.C. Lamoth, Rolinde Alingh and Simone R. Caljouw

Balance Recovery Through Virtual Stepping Exercises Using Kinect Skeleton Tracking: A Follow-Up Study with Chronic Stroke Patients        108

Roberto Lloréns, Mariano Alcañiz, Carolina Colomer and María Dolores Navarro

Effectiveness Evaluation for Short-Term Group Pre-Deployment VR Computer-Assisted Stress Inoculation Training Provided to Polish ISAF Soldiers     113

Stanislaw Ilnicki, Brenda K. Wiederhold, Justyna Maciolek, Ludmila Kosinska, Sylwia Szymanska, Maciej Zbyszewski, Anna Siatkowska, Ewelina Opalko-Piotrkiewicz, Piotr Ilnicki, Monika Filarowska, Anna Glibowska, Dorota Borzetka, Katarzyna Pleskacz and Piotr Murawski

Using Virtual Week to Assess Prospective Memory in Younger and Older Adults     118

Giovanna Mioni, Franca Stablum and Peter G. Rendell

Smiling Is Fun: A Coping with Stress and Emotion Regulation Program     123

Cristina Botella, Adriana Mira, Azucena Garcia-Palacios, Soledad Quero, Ma. Vicenta Navarro, Antonio Riera López Del Amo, Guadalupe Molinari, Diana Castilla, Inés Moragrega, Carla Soler, Mariano Alcañiz and Rosa Maria Baños

The Effectiveness of VR Exposure Therapy for PTSD in Returning Warfighters       128

Sarah D. Miyahira, Raymond A. Folen, Hunter G. Hoffman, Azucena Garcia-Palacios, James L. Spira and Michelle Kawasaki

Bottom-Up and Top-Down Influences of Beliefs on Emotional Responses: Fear of Heights in a Virtual Environment         133

Andreas Mühlberger, Roland Neumann, Ljubica Lozo, Mathias Müller and Marc Hettinger

Implicit Theory Manipulations Affecting Efficacy of a Smartphone Application Aiding Speech Therapy for Parkinson’s Patients        138

Peter Nolan, Sherria Hoskins, Julia Johnson, Vaughan Powell, K. Ray Chaudhuri and Roger Eglin

Mindfulness Training Online for Stress Reduction, a Global Measure        143

Miguel Quintana and Oswaldo Rivera

Psychophysiologic Identification of Subthreshold PTSD in Combat Veterans         149

Michael J. Roy, Michelle Costanzo and Suzanne Leaman

On the Comparison of VR-Responses, as Performance Measures in Prospective Memory, with Auditory P300 Responses in MCI Detection     156

Ioannis Tarnanas, Nikos Laskaris and Magda Tsolaki

Original Research

Tackling Sensitive Issues Using a Game-Based Environment: Serious Game for Relationships and Sex Education (RSE)        165

Katherine Brown, Sylvester Arnab, Julie Bayley, Katie Newby, Puja Joshi, Becky Judd, Alison Baxter and Samatha Clarke

Changing Heartbeat Perception to Induce Anxiety in Virtual Environments       172

Luca Chittaro

Quality of Experience in Real and Virtual Environments: Some Suggestions for the Development of Positive Technologies         177

Andrea Gaggioli

A System for Automatic Detection of Momentary Stress in Naturalistic Settings       182

Andrea Gaggioli, Giovanni Pioggia, Gennaro Tartarisco, Giovanni Baldus, Marcello Ferro, Pietro Cipresso, Silvia Serino, Andrei Popleteev, Silvia Gabrielli, Rosa Maimone and Giuseppe Riva

Immersive Virtual Environment for Visuo-Vestibular Therapy: Preliminary Results      187

J.D. Gascuel, H. Payno, S. Schmerber and O. Martin

Automatic Mechanisms for Measuring Subjective Unit of Discomfort          192

Dwi Hartanto, Ni Kang, Willem-Paul Brinkman, Isabel L. Kampmann, Nexhmedin Morina, Paul G.M. Emmelkamp and Mark A. Neerincx

Please Note: The lead author of the article has informed us about a number of errors identified in paper's result section, and they like to point readers to an erratum that can be found at doi:


Pulse Oximeter Based Mobile Biotelemetry Application      197

Ali Hakan Isik and "nan Güler

Socially Anxious People Reveal More Personal Information with Virtual Counselors That Talk About Themselves Using Intimate Human Back Stories         202

Sin-Hwa Kang and Jonathan Gratch

Use of Internet in an Italian Clinical Sample       207

Caterina La Cascia, Filippo La Paglia, Antonio Francomano and Daniele La Barbera

Online Social Networking and the Experience of Cyber-Bullying         212

Bridianne O’Dea and Andrew Campbell

Designing Virtual Audiences for Fear of Public Speaking Training – An Observation Study on Realistic Nonverbal Behavior       218

Sandra Poeschl and Nicola Doering

Using Portable EEG Devices to Evaluate Emotional Regulation Strategies During Virtual Reality Exposure          223

Beatriz Rey, Alejandro Rodríguez and Mariano Alcañiz

Electro-Physiological Data Fusion for Stress Detection       228

Alejandro Riera, Aureli Soria-Frisch, Anton Albajes-Eizagirre, Pietro Cipresso, Carles Grau, Stephen Dunne and Giulio Ruffini

Involving Elderly Users in Design: Techniques to Collect Preferences for Interactive Digital Television        233

Anna Spagnolli, Luciano Gamberini, Francisco Ibanez, Maria Elena Fabregat, Tijana Debelic and Valeria Orso

Auditory-Visual Integration of Emotional Signals in a Virtual Environment for Cynophobia        238

Marine Taffou, Emmanuelle Chapoulie, Adrien David, Rachid Guerchouche, George Drettakis and Isabelle Viaud-Delmon

User Validation of an Empathic Virtual Buddy Against Cyberbullying        243

Janneke M. van der Zwaan, Elke Geraerts, Virginia Dignum and Catholijn M. Jonker

Virtual Representations of the Self: Engaging Teenagers in Emotional Regulation Strategies Learning       248

Maja Wrzesien, Beatriz Rey, Mariano Alcañiz, Rosa Baños, Mario Gómez Martínez, David Pérez-López, Alejandro Rodríguez Ortega, Paloma Rasal, Elena Parra Vargas and Jaime Guixeres Provinciale

Analysis of Online Social Networking Peer Health Educators         253

Sean D. Young

Clinical Observations

The Use of VR Distraction to Decrease Pain After Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery: A Case Study          263

Kattia Cabas Hoyus, Georgina Cardenas-López, Jose Gutierrez Maldonado, Ma. Fernanda Ruiz-Esquivel and Gonzalo Torres-Villalobos

PHIT for Duty, a Mobile Approach for Psychological Health Intervention     268

Paul N. Kizakevich, Robert Hubal, Janice Brown, Jennifer Lyden, James Spira, Randall Eckhoff, Yuying Zhang, Stephanie Bryant and Gilberto Munoz

An Online Emotional Regulation System to Deliver Homework Assignments for Treating Adjustment Disorders       273

Soledad Quero, Mar Molés, M. Angeles Pérez-Ara, Cristina Botella and Rosa M. Baños

Virtual Reality in the Treatment of Body Image Disturbances After Bariatric Surgery: A Clinical Case     278

Giuseppe Riva, Georgina Cárdenas-López, Ximena Duran, Gonzalo M. Torres-Villalobos and Andrea Gaggioli

Improving Social Behaviour in Schizophrenia Patients Using an Integrated Virtual Reality Programme: A Case Study      283

M. Rus-Calafell, J. Gutiérrez-Maldonado and J. Ribas-Sabaté

Real-Time Monitoring of Behavioural Parameters Related to Psychological Stress         287

Dimitris Giakoumis, Anastasios Drosou, Pietro Cipresso, Dimitrios Tzovaras, George Hassapis, Andrea Gaggioli and Giuseppe Riva

Virtual Reality for Smoking Cessation: A Case Report      292

Irene Pericot-Valverde, Olaya García-Rodríguez, Marta Ferrer-García, Roberto Secades-Villa and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado

Therapeutic Effectiveness of a Virtual Reality Game in Self-Awareness After Acquired Brain Injury        297

Roberto Lloréns, María Dolores Navarro, Mariano Alcañiz and Enrique Noé

Work in Progress

Use of a Virtual Integrated Environment in Prosthetic Limb Development and Phantom Limb Pain     305

Aimee L. Alphonso, Brett T. Monson, Michael J. Zeher, Robert S. Armiger, Sharon R. Weeks, J.M. Burck, C. Moran, R. Davoodie, G. Loeb, Paul F. Pasquina and Jack W. Tsao

EARTH of Wellbeing: A Place to Live Positive Emotions       310

Rosa Baños, Cristina Botella, Ernestina Etchemendy and Luis Farfallini

FRIEND: A Brain-Monitoring Agent for Adaptive and Assistive Systems       314

Alexis Morris and Mihaela Ulieru

A Motor Imagery Based Brain-Computer Interface for Stroke Rehabilitation          319

R. Ortner, D.-C. Irimia, J. Scharinger and C. Guger

A Robotic & Virtual Reality Orthopedic Rehabilitation System for the Forearm      324

Miguel A. Padilla-Castaneda, Edoardo Sotgiu, Antonio Frisoli and Massimo Bergamasco

Psychosocial Implications of Avatar Use in Supporting Therapy for Depression    329

Claudia Pagliari, Christopher Burton, Brian McKinstry, Aurora Szentatotai, Daniel David, Antoni Serrano Blanco, Luis Ferrini, Susanna Albertini, Joan Carlos Castro, Soraya Estevez and Maria Wolters

GameTeen: New Tools for Evaluating and Training Emotional Regulation Strategies         334

Alejandro Rodríguez, Beatriz Rey, Mariano Alcañiz, Rosa Baños, Jaime Guixeres, Maja Wrzesien, Mario Gómez, David Pérez, Paloma Rasal and Elena Parra

Innovative ICT Solutions to Improve Treatment Outcomes for Depression: The ICT4Depression Project       339

Lisanne Warmerdam, Heleen Riper, Michel Klein, Pepijn van den Ven, Artur Rocha, Mario Ricardo Henriques, Eric Tousset, Hugo Silva, Gerhard Andersson and Pim Cuijpers