Volume 18 - Summer 2020


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Preface v

Brenda K. Wiederhold and Giuseppe Riva



Editorial


Virtual Reality Meets COVID-19: The Potential of Positive Technology Against the Burden of Coronavirus 3

Giuseppe Riva, Brenda K. Wiederhold, Daniele Di Lernia, Alice Chirico, Clelia Malighetti, Silvia Serino, Pietro Cipresso, and Andrea Gaggioli



Critical Reviews


A Call for Responsible Innovation in Mobile Mental Health: Content Analysis of the Depression App Marketplace 11

Dionne Bowie-Dabreo, Corina Sas, Sandra Sünram-Lea and Heather Les-Smith


Reviewing and Evaluating Mobile Apps for Memory Impairments in Depression 17

Chengcheng Qu, Corina Sas and Gavin Doherty


Robotic Vision and Embodiment. A Social and Educative Hypothesis of of Experience with Robots 23

Renato Grimaldi, Lorenzo Denicolai, Sandro Brignone and Silvia Palmieri



Evaluation Studies


Development and Validation of Digital Smartness Scale: A Tool to Assess Digital Skills in Professional Contexts 31

Simona Toni, Andrea Bonanomi and Andrea Gaggioli


Enhancing the Potential of Creative Thinking in Children with Educational Robots 37

Elvis Mazzoni, Martina Benvenuti, Alice Tartarini and Sara Giovagnoli


Cultural Comparison Models on The Assessment of Basic Psychological Needs Using a Virtual Serious Game 41

Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Lucia A. Carrasco-Ribelles, Javier Marin-Morales,Fabiola Reyes, Gaspar Ayora, Georgina Cárdenas-López and Mariano Alcañiz Raya


Use of Robotic Animal Companions in Dementia Care A Qualitative Study of The Immediate and Long-Term Effects to Enhance Quality of Life and Feelings of Wellbeing For Individuals Living With Dementia 45

Ans I.M Tummers, Marleen F. Hillen, Yvonne A.W. De Kort and Wijnand A. Ijsselsteijn


Exploring the Intended Meaning Underlying Reaction Use on Facebook 51

Emily Lowe-Calverley and Nenagh Kemp


Using Virtual Reality to Enrich the Visit at the Botanical Garden 57

Alice Bettelli, Rosa Buson, Valeria Orso, Giulia Benvegnú, Patrik Pluchino and Luciano Gamberini


The Prototype Willingness Model of Adolescents’ Risky Photo Disclosure on Social Networking Sites: The Importance of Psychosocial Characteristics 63

Ugnė Paluckaitė and Kristina Žardeckaitė-Matulaitienė


Examining the Sociodemographic Variables and Social Networking Site Addiction among University Students in Sarajevo 69

Pınar Ünal-Aydin, Mehmet Akif Elen, Canahmet Boz and Orkun Aydin


User Experience Evaluation of a Physical versus Virtual Product: An Exploratory Study Using Immersive Virtual Reality 73

Andrea Gaggioli, Alessandro Sala, Manuela Ferrante, Natalia Laskowska, Roberta Malvezzi and Alice Chirico


Transformative Conversations. Questioning collaboration in digitally mediated interactions 77

Carlo Galimberti, Andrea Gaggioli, Eleonora Brivio, Francesca Caroli, Alice Chirico, Lucrezia Rampinini, Alain Trognon and Ilaria Vergine


Subjective Evaluation of Autonomous and Manual Driving in Advanced Simulation 81

Davide Bacchin, Patrik Pluchino, Mattia Furlan, Michela Minen, Diego Minen, Fabio Formaggia, Mattia Bruschetta, Alessandro Beghi and Luciano Gamberini



Original Research


Contact in VR: Testing Avatar Customisation and Common Ingroup Identity Cues on Outgroup Bias Reduction 89

Salvador Alvidrez and Jorge Peña


Nature’s perfection: Clouds’ fractals in well-being aesthetics 95

Sofia Bastoni, Alice Chirico, Elena Gianotti, Camillo Regalia and Andrea Gaggioli


Does Mediated Social Touch Succesfully Approximate Natural Social Touch? 99

Sima Ipakchian Askari, Ville Harjunen, Antal Haans, Niklas Ravaja and Wijnand Ijsselsteijn


Mental Time Travel: The role of Positive Rumination 105

Desirée Colombo, Carlos Suso-Ribera, Javier Fernández-Álvarez, Pietro Cipresso, Azucena García-Palacios, Giuseppe Riva and Cristina Botella


Age Effects on Recollection and Automaticity in a Fully Immersive virtual Reality Environment 111

Alexandra Voinescu and Daniel David


The Effect of Simulated Feedback About Psychophysiological Synchronization on Perceived Empathy And Connectedness 117

Milou A Feijt, Yvonne A.W De Kort, Joyce H.D.M. Westerink, Sanne E. Okel, and Wijnand A. Ijsselsteijn


Psycho-physiological Effects of a Virtual Reality Relaxation Experience after Acute Stressor Exposure 123

Andrea Gaggioli, Elena Gianotti And Alice Chirico


No Country for Old Men: Reducing Age Bias through Virtual Reality Embodiment 127

Stefania La Rocca, Andrea Brighenti, Giorgia Tosi and Roberta Daini


Digital Contents as A Tool to Address Research Reproducibility Crisis In Psychology: A Case Study on Sexual Attraction Under Conditions of High Arousal 133

Silvia Francesca Maria Pizzoli, Dario Monzani, Ketti Mazzocco, Marianna Masiero and Gabriella Pravettoni


Experimenting Immersive Videos to Reduce Test Anxiety In University Students 137

Valeria Orso, Patrik Pluchino, Diletta Mora, Leonardo Miglioranzi and Luciano Gamberini


Adaptive Virtual Environments using Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence 141

Timothy Mcmahan and Thomas D. Parsons


The Moderating Role of Personality in the Relationship between Temporal Perspectives and Facebook Addiction 147

Barbara Caci, Fabrizio Scrima, Maurizio Cardaci and Silvana Miceli


Coding with Me: Exploring The Effect Of Coding Intervention On Preschoolers’cognitive Skills 153

Giulia Peretti, Daniela Villani, Michele Marangi, Federica Pellizzari, Sara Di Bruno, Igor Guida, Antonella Marchetti, Giuseppe Riva, Pier Cesare Rivoltella and Davide Massaro


Assessment of Cognitive and Functional Performance Using A Virtual Environment Grocery Store with Environmental Distractors 157

Thomas D. Parsons, Michael Barnett and Timothy Mcmahan



Clinical Observations


An Immersive Virtual Reality Application for the Rehabilitation of Children with Dyslexia 165

Giuseppina Corvace, Luca Greci, Alessandro Antonietti, Alice Cancer, Sara Arlati and Marco Sacco


Assessing User Experience of a Virtual Reality Training in Patients With Anorexia Nervosa: Insights from A Pilot Study 171

Marta Matamala-Gomez, Eleonora Brivio, Alice Chirico, Clelia Malighetti, Olivia Realdon, Silvia Serino, Antonios Dakanalis, Giulia Corno, Nicoletta Polli, Chiara Cacciatore, Giuseppe Riva and Fabrizia Mantovani


Manipulating Body Size Distortions and Negative Body-Related Memories in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa: A Virtual Reality-Based Pilot Study 177

Clelia Malighetti, Alice Chirico, Silvia Serino, Silvia Cavedoni, Marta Matamala-Gomez, Chiara Stramba-Badiale, Valentina Mancuso, Giulia Corno, Nicoletta Polli, Chiara Cacciatore, Luca Persani and Giuseppe Riva


Virtual Reality for Relaxation in the Treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder: a Comparative Trial 183

Eric Malbos, Nadège Chichery, Baptiste Borwell, Julien Seimandi, Gabriel Weindel and Christophe Lancon


Predicting Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Response Using Heart Rate Variability Response to Virtual Reality Environment and Modified Stroop Task: An Exploratory Study 189

Jeffrey M. Pyne, Joseph I. Constans, Brenda K. Wiederhold, Timothy Kimbrell, Teresa Kramer, Susan Jegley, Aline Rabalais, Bo Hu and Mark D. Wiederhold


An Investigation into The Impact of Virtual Reality Character Presentation on Participants’ Depression Stigma 195

David Redmond, Eilis Hennessey, Cliódhna O'Connor, Katalin Bálint, Thomas D. Parsons and Brendan Rooney


Breast Cancer Survivors’ Attitudes Towards Internet-Based Psychotherapy 201

Ilaria Durosini, Stefano Triberti and Gabriella Pravettoni


Application of Virtual Reality in an ED Primary Prevention Context: An Exploratory Study 207

Vincent Lemieux, Johana Monthuy-Blanc and Giulia Corno


Blended Transdiagnostic Group CBT For Emotional Disorders: Opinion Of The Online Modules and Group Sessions 213

Amanda Díaz-García, Alberto González-Robles, Cintia Tur, Isabel Fernández-Felipe, Diana Castilla, Cristina Botella and Azucena García-Palacios


The Intersubjectivity Grid As “Magnifying Screen” For Microanalyses Of Interactions in Telepsychotherapy 217

Lise Haddouk, Stéphane Bouchard, Eleonora Brivio, Carlo Galimberti and Alain Trognon


Targeting the fear of gaining weight and body-related concerns in Anorexia Nervosa. Preliminary findings from a Virtual Reality randomized clinical trial 223

Bruno Porras-Garcia, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Marta Carulla- Roig, Pau Soto-Usera, Marta Ferrer-García, Laura Fernández- Del Castillo Olivares, Natalia Figueras-Puigderrajols, Isabel de la Montaña Santos-Carrasco, Bianca Borszewski, Marina Díaz-Marsá and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado


Artificial Intelligence in mental health: professionals’ attitudes towards AI as a psychotherapis 229

Valeria Sebri, Silvia Francesca Maria Pizzoli, Lucrezia Savioni and Stefano Triberti


41. Tackling Trauma with Technology: Treating Chronic Combat-Related PTSD In Canadian Armed Forces Personnel and Veterans With EMDR 235

Chelsea Jones, Lorraine Smith-Macdonald, Antonio Miguel-Cruz, Liana Lentz, Ashley Pike and Suzette Brémault-Phillips



Work In Progress


Drafting the Psychological Sublime Brain: A Pilot EEG Study 243

Alice Chirico, Eleonora Maggioni, Gabriele Dossi, Giandomenico Schiena, Alice Barale, Claudio Rozzoni, Maddalena Mazzocut-Mis, Andrea Gaggioli and Paolo Brambilla


A Virtual Reality tool for the Assessment of the Executive Functions 247

Francesca Borgnis, Francesca Baglio, Giuseppe Riva and Pietro Cipresso


Deep-dream 360° Virtual Reality videos for stimulating creativity: A pilot study 251

Eleonora Brivio, Daniele Di Lernia, Alice Chirico, Francesca Caroli, Antonello Luisi, Gelsomina Palomba, Ilaria Telazzi, Andrea Blandi and Giuseppe Riva


The BIAS-VR. Assessing body image disturbance using a virtual reality software. Preliminary results 257

Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Bruno Porras-Garcia, Natàlia Figueres- Puigderrajols, Rosa Marnet, José Albarral and José Gutiérrez- Maldonado


Virtual Reality-Cue Exposure Therapy for the treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder: Preliminary results 261

Natalia Figueras-Puigderrajols, Jolanda Fernández-Ruiz, Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Bruno Porras-Garcia, Alexandra Ghita, Miquel Monras-Arnau, Olga Hernández-Serrano, Mariano Gacto- Sanchez, Antoni Gual, Maribel Fernández-Avellaneda, Lídia Ugas- Ballester and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado


Using Social Media to Assess State and Trait Emotional intersections during the Longest-lasting Lunar Eclipse of the Twenty-first Century: A pilot Study 265

Elena Gianotti, Alice Chirico, Sofia Bastoni, Simona Toni and Andrea Gaggioli


Let’s dive into it! Exploring mentalizing abilities in adolescence in an immersive 360° environment 271

Ilaria M.A Benzi and Pietro Cipresso


The Potential of Transformative Interactive Video Storytelling For Improving Caregivers’ Mental Wellbeing: A Research Protocol 275

Milica Petrovic and Andrea Gaggioli