Volume 9 - Summer 2011


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Introduction     V

B.K. Wiederhold, S. Bouchard and G. Riva


Critical Reviews


Presence, Actions and Emotions: A Theoretical Framework      2

G. Riva


Effectiveness of Cybertherapy in Mental Health: A Critical Appraisal     6

P. Emmelkamp


Efficacy and Effectiveness of Online Cognitive Behavioral Treatment: A Decade of Interapy Research     10

J. Ruwaard, A. Lange, B. Schrieken and P. Emmelkamp


Between Cyberplace and Cyberspace: the Researcher’s Role in Virtual Setting Research     14

C. Galimberti, E. Brivio and M. Cantamesse


The Similarity Between the Virtual and the Real Self – How the Virtual Self Can Help the Real Self     18

I. Georgieva


Use of Robotics Kits for the Enhancement of Metacognitive Skills of Mathematics: a Possible Approach    22

F. La Paglia, R. Rizzo and D. La Barbera 


Interpretations of Virtual Reality     26

A. Voiskounsky


Towards Immersive and Adaptive Augmented Reality Exposure Treatment    31

A. Duenser, R. Grasset and H. Farrant 


Evaluation Studies


Isolating the Effect of Virtual Reality Based Exposure Therapy for Agoraphobia: a Comparative Trial     36

E. Malbos, R. Rapee and M. Kavakli


Virtual Reality Exposure Treatment of Agoraphobia: a Comparison of Computer Automatic Virtual Environment and Head-Mounted Display     41

K. Meyerbröker, N. Morina, G. Kerkhof and P. Emmelkamp


New Technologies to Manage Exam Anxiety     46

A. Grassi, A. Gaggioli and G. Riva


Virtual Reality Exposure on Nicotine Craving     50

P. Gamito, J. Oliveira, A. Baptista, E. Periera, D. Morais, T. Saraiva, N. Santos and F. Soares


Interactive and Passive Virtual Reality Distraction: Effects on Presence and Pain Intensity     54

J. Gutierrez-Maldonado, O. Gutierrez-Martínez and K. Cabas-Hoyos


Evolution of Smoking Urge During Exposure Through Virtual Reality     58

I. Pericot-Valverde, O. García-Rodríguez, J. Gutierrez-Maldonado, M. Ferrer-García and R. Secades-Villa


Virtual Reality Exposure in Patients with Eating Disorders: Influence of Symptom Severity and Presence     62

M. Ferrer-Garcia and J. Gutierrez-Maldonado


Virtual Reality to Study Responses to Social Environmental Stressors in Individuals With and Without Psychosis     67

W.P. Brinkman, W. Veling, E. Dorrestijn, G. Sandino, V. Vakili and M. van der Gaag 

Validation of a Neuro Virtual Reality-based Version of the Multiple Errands Test for the Assessment of Executive Functions     72

S. Raspelli, F. Pallavicini, L. Carelli, F. Morganti, B. Poletti, B. Corra, V. Silani and G. Riva


A Comparison of Text and Technology Based Training Tools to Improve Cognitive Skills in Older Adults     77

K. Power, G. Kirwan and M. Palmer


Original Research


PsychLog: A Personal Data Collection Platform for Psychophysiological Research     82

A. Gaggioli, G. Pioggia, G. Tartarisco, P. Cipresso and G. Riva


The Development of the SWEAT Questionnaire: a Scale Measuring Costs and Efforts Inherent to Conducting Exposure Sessions      85

G. Robillard, S. Bouchard, S. Dumoulin and T. Guitard


Control Over the Virtual Environment Influences the Presence and Efficacy of a Virtual Reality Intervention on Pain     90

O. Gutierrez-Martínez, J. Gutierrez-Maldonado and D. Loreto-Quijada


Affective Reactions to Visually Masked Stimuli within a Virtual Environment    94

J. Drummond, N. Berthouze and A. Steed


Virtual Reality and Exercise: Behavioral and Psychological Effects of Visual Feedback    99

D. Mestre, M. Eswald and C. Maiano 


Telepresence Experienced in Videoconference Varies According to Emotions Involved in Videoconference Sessions     104

S. Bouchard, S. Dumoulin, M. Michaud and V. Gougeon


Online Social Networking Amongst Teens: Friend or Foe?     108

B. O’Dea and A. Campbell


Perceived Stress and Life Satisfaction: Social Network Service Use as a Moderator      113

Q. Niu, Y. Liu, Z. Sheng, Y. He and X. Shao


People Like Virtual Counselors That Highly-Disclose About Themselves    117

S. Kang and J. Gratch 


A Comparison of Client Characteristics in Cyber and In-Person Counseling    121

L. Murphy, D. Mitchell and R. Hallett 


Towards a Web 2.0 Based Software for the Design and the Facilitation of Cognitive Stimulation Workshops    125

E. Klinger, E. Martinet and D. Perret 


Active Video Gaming to Improve Balance in the Elderly    130

C. Lamoth, S. Caljouw and K. Plostema 


Simulated Interviews 3.0: Virtual Humans to Train Abilities of Diagnosis – Usability Assessment     134

C. Peñaloza-Salazar, J. Gutierrez-Maldonado, M. Ferrer-Garcia, A. Garcia-Palacios, A. Andres-Pueyo and A. Aguilar-Alonso


A Lightweight Augmented Virtuality System for Providing a Faithful and Spatially Manipulable Visual Hand Representation    138

A. Pusch, O. Martin and S. Coquillart 


An Evidence-based Toolset to Capture, Measure, and Assess Emotional Health    143

E. Hill, P. Dumouchel and C. Moehs 


Accuracy of a Brain Computer Interface (P300 Spelling Device) used by People with Motor Impairments    148

G. Krausz, R. Ortner and E. Opisso


Clinical Observations


Interweaving Interactions in Virtual Worlds: a Case Study    153

M. Cantamesse, C. Galimberti and G. Giacoma


Startle Reactivity in Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder    157

D. Kozarić-Kovačić, A. Jambrošić-Sakoman and T. Jovanovic


Immersive Virtual Environments for Emotional Engineering: Description and Preliminary Results     161

A. Rodríguez, B. Rey and M. Alcañiz