Volume 19 - Summer 2021


You can download the issue here


Preface   v

Brenda K. Wiederhold and Giuseppe Riva


Virtual Reality Therapy in the Metaverse: Merging VR for the Outside with VR for the Inside     3

Giuseppe Riva, Daniele Di Lernia,Elena Sajno, Maria Sansoni, Sabrina Bartolotta, Silvia Serino, Andrea Gaggioli and Brenda K. Wiederhold

Critical Reviews

Implicit Measures of Perceived Realness in Virtual Reality     11                                                                                             

Marius Rubo, Jasin Sahraoui and Simone Munsch


Between benevolent lies and harmful deception: Ethical analysis of deceptive practices in dementia care technology     15

Ans Tummers, Rens Brankaert and Wijnand Ijsselsteijn


Normative Affordances: Utilising the constraint of context-specific expectation in simulated environments     21

 John Francis Leader


Evaluation Studies

Empathic interactions in online treatment: experiences of mental healthcare practitioners     29

Milou Feijt, Yvonne De Kort, Joyce Westerink and Wijnand Ijsselsteijn


Further Validation of Russian Video Games Addiction Scale (VGAS)     35

Vitalii Epishin, Nataliya Bogacheva and Diana Medakovskaya


A Motion Controlled Virtual Reality Paradigm for Ostracism Research    41

Patrick Mulvaney, Brendan Rooney and Brendan Rooney


A qualitative and quantitative virtual reality usability study for the early assessment of ASD children     47

Maria Eleonora Minissi, Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Fabrizia Mantovani, Marian Sirera, Luis Abad and Mariano Alcañiz


A voice recognition application for the semantic and prosodic analysis of ASD caregivers     53

Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Luna Maddalon, Lucía Gómez-Zaragozá, Maria Eleonora Minissi, Javier Marín Morales, Marian Sirera, Luis Abad and Mariano Alcañiz

Original Research

Exploratory Factor Analysis of the Virtual Reality Stroop Task     61

Justin Asbee and Thomas Parsons


Cognitive stimulation using non-immersive virtual reality tasks in children with learning disabilities     67

Lucileide Santos, Jorge Oliveira and Pedro Gamito


Mind your time: The implications of prolonged Instagram use and drive for thinness in university students     73

Alexandra Ghita, Teuntje Elfrink, Adriana Bülter, Svenja Gabriel, Marie Geise, Greta Grewe and Gerben Westerhof


Influence of Photorealism and Non-Photorealism on Connection in Social VR     79

Nienke Bierhuizen, Wendy Powell, Tina Mioch, Omar Niamut and Hans Stokking


Idealization on dating apps: Seeing fewer photos of the potential partner leads to expectancy violation and lower attraction     85

Simona Sciara, Clelia Malighetti, Giorgia Martini, Giuseppe Riva and Camillo Regalia


Clinical Observations

Going beyond body exposure therapy. Presenting an innovative Virtual Reality and Eye-Tracking body-related attentional bias task     93

Bruno Porras Garcia, Alana Singh, Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Helena Miquel, Gemma Taña-Velasco, Natalia Briseño-Oloriz, Jesus Fleta, Emma Iglesias and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado


The way we look at our own body really matters! Body-related attentional bias as a predictor of worse clinical outcomes after a virtual reality body exposure therapy     99

Marta Ferrer-Garcia, Bruno Porras-Garcia, Helena Miquel, Eduardo Serrano-Troncoso, Marta Carulla-Roig and José Gutiérrez-Maldonado


A Virtual Reality tool using embodiment and body swapping techniques for the treatment of obesity: A usability study     105

Dimitra Anastasiadou, Bernhard Spanlang, Mel Slater, Julia Váquez-De Sebastian, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Gemma Parramon Puig, Andreea Ciudin, Marta Comas and Pilar Lusilla-Palacios


Aphasia360°: A virtual reality intervention for anomia rehabilitation in post-stroke patients     111

Claudia Repetto, Alice Cancer, Claudia Rodella, Marta Campagna and Alessandra Maietti


Rescripting emotional eating with virtual reality: a single case study     177

Clelia Malighetti, Ciara Schnitzer, Georgia Potter, Katherine Nameth, Theresa Brown, Emily Vogel, Giuseppe Riva, Cristin Runfola and Debra Safer



Work In Progress

The immersive 3D objects’ library for applying non-invasive brain stimulation in research on the motor control and the mirror neurons system: a call for collaboration     125

Andrey Vlasov, Fanir Kilmukhametov and Matteo Feurra


Meta Cognition on the Internet: Expected Accuracy of Human and AI Virtual Assistants’ First Impressions about Us Online     129

Elena Tsankova and Ergyul Tair


Virtual reality for relaxation in a pediatric hospital setting: an interventional study with a mixed-methods design     133

Sylvie Bernaerts, Bert Bonroy, Jo Daems, Romy Sels, Dieter Struyf and Wessel van de Veerdonk